Pulsed source of metal atoms and their compounds

A pulsed source for production of metal atoms and their oxide compounds in a supersonic expansion is described. The design utilizes a simple pulsed valve and produces a concentration of 106–107 atoms per cm−3 of the desired metal atoms in a molecular beam. Depending on the carrier gas used, metal compounds at similar concentration levels can also be produced.

Chestakov, D. A. and Zawadzka, A. and Parker, D. H. and Vidma, K. V. and Baklanov, A. V. and Kochubei, S. A.

Review of Scientific Instruments 2005, 76, 2